What Reality Television Tells Us About the Arab World: An Interview with Marwan Kraidy (Part One)

Reality television is often depicted as the trivialization or tabloidization of American culture. I can’t tell you how many people I know have told me with a sneer that more Americans voted in the most recent American Idol than voted in the last presidential election. It turns out to be a myth — since people can vote as many times as they want for American Idol, there’s no way to translate the number of votes cast into the number of people participating, and my bet is that if we could have voted for the candidate of our choice on speed dial in the last election, the numbers there would have looked much more impressive. Yet, the comment suggests the ways that reality television is often depicted as a distraction for democratic citizenship.

This is one of many reasons I was so interested in Marwan Kraidy’s new book, Reality Television and Reality Politics, published earlier this year, which argues that reality television has been a key vehicle through which the Arab world has been negotiating a range of social, cultural, political, economic, and technological changes and has become a springboard for significant debates about nationalism and the future of citizenship. The books offers vivid case studies over how the international formats of reality television — especially those around Big Brother and Pop Idol — have become the vehicles through which the Arab public has worked through contradictions surrounding modernity. Kraidy sees these formats not simply as another symptom of western cultural imperialism, but through the localization process, as ways that the Arab world takes measure of its own cultural practices and political traditions. These formats, and localized responses to them, force certain issues into the forefront of the popular imagination, but they also suggest a much more diverse set of worldviews at place in Middle Eastern culture than typically emerge in western representations of this region.

In this interview, Kraidy talks through some of the insights one gains into Arab cultural politics by looking at how the reality television genre is being absorbed into their broadcast practices and by looking at both the content and responses to these programs. What follows will challenge your preconceptions about both reality television and the Arab world.

Your book opens with a quotation from Fatima Mernissi: “Reality and the representation of reality are always far apart. But the gap between the two reaches a breaking point when a society experiences a deep crisis in which individuals don’t have enough time to formulate discourses to explain to themselves what they are doing.” What does this passage suggest about the place of reality television in the contemporary Arab world?

Reality television crystallized a festering Arab malaise exacerbated by the Iraq War, Abu Ghrayb, the Danish Cartoons, the plight of the Palestinians, and an existential crisis whose scope is truly all-encompassing–ideological, social, political, economic, religious, etc. Clearly, reality television did not trigger all the above on its own, but the intense controversy it created, because it was public, transnational, and involved many sectors of society, gave many Arabs a language and a platform to voice their anger, fears and aspirations. Reality television’s claim to represent the real fomented the polemic by compelling many social groups to advance multiple Arab realities. Some said: “This (young men and women living together for four months and competing for viewers’ text-messaged votes) is not our reality. It is a reality imposed by the West.” This prompted other Arabs to say: “In fact, some aspects of our reality are much more similar to the social interactions we see on reality shows than the reality that you–conservatives speaking in the name of religion–are in fact trying to impose on all of us.”

Reality television has been deeply political in many parts of the world. HBO recently ran a documentary about Afghan Star. Aswin Punathambekar has been writing lately about the politics around Pop Idol in India. John Hartley has described how a star search program in China became immersed in democracy movements there. Yet most American critics see reality as a distraction from “real politics.” Do you have any thoughts about why the U.S. response has been relatively apolitical when compared with the kinds of examples you discuss in your book?

Part of the answer may be that the ethos of reality television–cutthroat individualism, conspicuous self-improvement, ostentatious meritocracy– reflect, in exaggerated form, what are broadly perceived to be elements of the U.S. ethos. Many writers about reality television in the US-UK nexus argued that these ideolects underpin the growth of self-governing citizens under neoliberalism. This is true to a large extent in the US and the UK where the state has ceded many aspects of social life to the private sector. But this issue is not as salient in many parts of the world, where some of the most heated debates are about what we could call basic liberal values–individual autonomy, equal gender relations, representative government, etc. This difference became manifest in a symposium about the global politics of reality television that I-along with Katherine Sender–organized at Penn last year. Aswin Punathambekar made a comment then that summarizes my thoughts on this: “neoliberalism is not distributed equally around the world.”

As to the belief that entertainment and popular culture is apolitical, it seems to me it is a faith-based argument, whose proponents cling to in the face of overwhelming evidence presented by researchers in the humanities and social sciences. This is true globally, even if local manifestations of it are dissimilar. So John Stewart is political in the US context in different ways than Star Academy is in Saudi Arabia.

We can look at this from another venture, which is the contested project of modernity. Clearly, what it means to be modern is vigorously contested in the Arab world, a fraught debate animated by memories of colonialism, contemporary geopolitics, and internal social transformations alike. So when something as popular and polemical as reality television enters the scene, it provides a concrete pivot where old ideological battles are waged one more time about Arab-Western relations, gender issues, cultural authenticity, religion in public life, etc. This does not mean that modernity is not contested in the US, as the Tea Party movement (and other peculiarities of American society and politics) suggests. However, it seems to me that these debates are more heated in the Arab world because of the relatively limited avenues of participation and contestation in public life.

You suggest that the discourse around reality programs in the Arab world informed “street politics” and “chamber politics.” Can you share some examples of each and reflect a bit on what connections exist between them in the Arab context?

The 2005 street demonstrations in central Beirut featured vivid reminders of the implications of reality television for street politics. Fan activities metamorphosed into political activism: like reality television fans, young demonstrators used mobile phones to mobilize and offer real time tactical information that they exploited ruthlessly. Hence the story of a group of demonstrators locating one of the army checkpoint–surrounding downtown Beirut to prevent popular rallies from coalescing there–whose commanding officer was sympathetic to the demonstrators’ cause. A mobile phone blast informed hundreds of activists who converged at that checkpoint and were able to gather in the city center.

Lahoud Nominee.jpg

In the book I also show a picture of a demonstrator carrying a hand-made sign proclaiming “Lahoud, Nominee, Vote 1559.” The young man brandishing the sign nominated Emile Lahoud, the Lebanese president allied with Syria and reviled by the demonstrators, to be voted off the show/island/politics. 1559 refers to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1559, which called for, among other things, the withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon. Reality television was clearly involved in Arab “street politics.”

In Kuwait, a small country known for a robust press and feisty legislative debates that regularly force politicians in the executive branch to resign, reality television animated “chamber politics” for several years. Contemporary Kuwaiti politics pit a powerful Salafi-Islamist parliamentary block against liberal groups including merchant families, professionals, and women’s groups. When Lebanese reality shows grabbed ratings and headlines in the country, and when a concert promoter–a woman–wanted to bring Superstar finalists to Kuwait for a concert, Islamists “grilled” the sitting Minister of Information in parliament–who when not in the government teaches mass communication at Kuwait University–forcing him to resign. But they could not control the debate, and several prominent Kuwaiti feminists and liberals attacked the Islamists in op-eds and letters to the editor, as a poll in the liberal daily al-Qabas demonstrated reality television’s vast popularity in the country.

Reality television has been at the center of the exchange of formats around the world. As you note, many of these reality show formats come from the west but get localized in the Arab context. Can you describe this localization process? To what degree is their western origins central to their political impact?

The localization process underpins the book’s main argument that the Arab reality television controversies are best understood as a social laboratory where various versions of modernity are tested. The formats’ western origins were never directly important. In the early years of Arab reality television, 2003 and 2004, critics leveled the charge that the reality television wave was another episode in a western cultural conquest trying to impose an alien reality on Arabs and Muslims.

Localization occurred in several ways.

One was a gradual take over by conservative forces. Consider the case of Algeria, where state television initially aired the Lebanese Star Academy. After opposition from Islamists, the Algerian president himself is said to have ordered it off the air, replacing it with a locally-made, ostensibly more conservative version. One season later, and the same slot was filled by a Qoranic recitation show, reality style–nominees, fan mobilization, viewer voting.

Hissa Helal, Saudi Poet who challenged harshly conservative clerics in her country on a poetry-themed reality show on Abu Dhabi TV, 2010

Two poetry reality shows epitomize another, and to me far more interesting, process of localization. Poetry enjoys a status in Arab culture that it is to my knowledge not accorded anywhere else in the world. Since pre-Islamic times, poetry is at once art form, political platform and entertainment. Numerous Arab television channels today have talk-shows dedicated to poetry, and poets show up on all kinds of talk-shows for women, youth, etc. A well-known poet in the Arab world is treated like a rock star. So here comes Abu Dhabi Television, supported by state financing, with the brilliant idea of launching poetry competitions, reality television style. The two shows, one dedicated to Arab poetry at large, the other focused on Gulf poetry, were major hits. Followers of your blog may have read recently the story of Hissa Helal, the Saudi woman who reached the finale of one of these shows, with a poem (in the semi-final) that attacked the reactionary clerics in her country, a gutsy move that was made partly possible by the venue–a public, popular poetry competition.

Marwan M. Kraidy is Associate Professor of Global Communication at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania. Recent books include Reality Television and Arab Politics: Contention in Public Life (Cambridge University Press, 2009) and Arab Television Industries (British Film Institute/Palgrave Macmillan, 2009). Previously he published Global Media Studies: Ethnographic Perspectives (Routledge, 2003, co-edited with Patrik Murphy) and Hybridity, or, The Cultural Logic of Globalization (Temple University Press, 2005, single-authored). The Politics of Reality Television: Global Perspectives (Routledge, 2010, co-edited with Katherine Sender) is in press. His current book projects are Global Media Studies (co-authored with Toby Miller, under contract with Polity), and Music Videos and Arab Public Life.

Comments

  1. This is true globally, even if local manifestations of it are dissimilar. So John Stewart is political in the US context in different ways than Star Academy is in Saudi Arabia.

  2. RemedialMath says:

    How has the political unrest in Saudi Arabia effected the travel medical insurance market? I would not consider traveling to a place with so much tension without it. What do you think?

    Great article, thanks!

  3. Reality Television is sure a poison for me. I don’t really like watching TV a lot unless I need to. We should give limited to our children too about TV. Vimax is a new generation drug that will make you to forget your worries about a small penis forever  Based on natural herbal components, vimax is safe and highly effective remedy.

  4. Reality TV has spread throughout the world and in some ways linked different cultures. Even in Sarasota real estate has been used for the filming of shows locally. So, big or small, reality TV production is clearly not declining any time soon.

  5. jason fisher says:

    Associate Professor of Communication at Annenberg in an interview in today’s edition of The Washington Times. In the article Prof. Kraidy is discussing his new book Reality Television and Arab Politics: Contention in Public Life.

    website design

    logo design

  6. As to the belief that entertainment and popular culture is apolitical, it seems to me it is a faith-based argument, whose proponents cling to in the face of overwhelming evidence presented by researchers in the humanities and social sciences. This is true globally, even if local manifestations of it are dissimilar. So John Stewart is political in the US context in different ways than Star Academy is in Saudi Arabia. good idea for your info

    perlunya web komunitas event

    perlunya web komunitas event

  7. zicklerboey123 says:

    However, it seems to me that these debates are more heated in the Arab world because of the relatively limited avenues of participation and contestation in public life. Online University Degree

  8. NelsaBlomy says:

    You must be immunized within one week to four months prior to exposure for the shots to be effective. The vaccine is composed of inactivated organisms from several virus strains which scientists attempt to include the most recent mutation. Vaccines are typically 67 to 92 percent effective. Military Genealogy

  9. that is so bothering, I don’t think I can go to place that’s full of tension. Hope they can resolve it. oakley sunglasses

  10. very interesting post. i never thought of that before.

  11. We can’t judge people on their cover. Is not wise if we judge all Arabian people are bad people. Not all of them are bad as the TV said. That’s why TV is not good for children because it sometimes makes false impression to people.

    argentine tango

  12. cloudy1576 says:

    Say except that I have enjoyed reading This is a good post. This post give truly quality information.I’m definitely going to look into it.Really very useful tips are provided here.thank you so much.Keep up the good works.

    anal toys

  13. Dave Stevens says:

    This is one of the good articles you can find in the net explaining everything in detail regarding the topic. I thank you for taking your time sharing your thoughts and ideas to a lot of readers out there.

    Dave @ van insurance uk

  14. Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic however , I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest writing a blog article or vice-versa? My blog covers a lot of the same topics as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to send me an email. I look forward to hearing from you! Excellent blog by the way!

    Dog Foods

    jupiter florida real estate

    dog foods

  15. joshabrams says:

    A widely known poet within the Arab world is treated like a rock star. So here comes Abu Dhabi Television, supported by state financing, with the good concept of launching poetry competitions, reality television style. Jessica Byrne

  16. robie evans says:

    Poetry enjoys a standing in Arab culture that it’s to my knowledge not accorded wherever else in the world.http://buy-blackberry-phone.com

  17. KiranaDrew says:

    Similarly, it provides for criminalization of copyright infringement, granting law enforcement the powers to perform criminal investigation, arrests and pursue criminal citations or prosecution of suspects who may have infringed on copyright. It encourages service providers to collect and provide information about suspected infringers by giving them “safe harbor from certain legal threats”. buy a fleshlight

  18. ankurs127 says:

    When you find yourself conscious the belief that many The stress detail was advisable past most body building industry experts everywhere. That’s a proved to be software product and several ladies from around the world are seeking Energy source Factor in his or her countries. Very stressful, in many foreign territories, intensity variable really isn’t you can find. Essay Help

  19. Is adipex is one of the most effective and popular diet/weight loss pills currently available on the market?

  20. Ronald Regans says:

    It is very rare these days to find blogs that provide information someone is looking for. I am glad to see that your blog share valued information that can help to many readers. Thanks and keep writing!

    Ronald Regans,

    quick house sale

  21. Thanks for the cool site! I really enjoyed the article! Keep up the good work! Deanna from

    Group Health Insurance

    cheap auto insurance in Alabama

  22. Very nice article: expert bi bi inspiring to read the article very useful .. Good studies ..

    chat muhabbet

  23. Ysl shoeshas changed the face of web hosting industry in a major way, people were paying gold for peanuts . cheap hosting has become synonym with Yves saint laurent shoes, anybody and everybody who wants a reliable and affordable domain web hosting visits Yves saint laurent and gets either Yves Saint Laurent Boots or Yves Saint Laurent Pumps from UCVHOST. UCVHOST sells cheap hosting WITHOUT hidden terms and conditions where as competition has huge MSA and SLA’s which are good enough to confuse a seasoned awyer also. For clients by now Business with us for the value of Yves Saint Laurent Sandals became very critical piece of puzzle for their whole operation, uptime and performance became a huge concern.. However it came with a cost, dedicated servers proved to be at least 100 times expensive in comparison to any windows or Linux plans. Our Yves Saint Laurent Slingbacks platform is all geared up in fight of pips, our platform support any number of expert advisory (EA) and along with an assure of 100% uptime. Our Virtual Forex Trading Terminals are well equipped to help you in making money .

  24. People can live without shoes nowadays. Scientist has proved that barefoot running is more healthy than wearing shoes,

    this is what Ysl sale seek for.

    Cheap ysl is hot sale both in summer and winter.As it bring cool feeling in summer,

    more and more people buy ysl shoe just for fun. But in winter,

    Yves Saint Laurent Slingbacks

    Bikila can accelerate the blood circulation and bring warm to your whole body, so if you feet were cold in winter,

    Yves Saint Laurent Boots can slove this problem,

    but take care of cheap vibram five fingers, somtimes the effect is weak.

    Yves Saint Laurent Sandals

    is a shoe that unique designed by bare foot running in 2007.

    After researching the structure of human foot,

    Yves Saint Laurent Pumps is proved as health shoes for humans.

    First looking at vibram five fingers people

    will surprised how similar they look like toe stocks

  25. milan788 says:

    Marwan Kraidy’s new book, Reality Television and Reality Politics, published earlier this year, which argues that reality television has been a key vehicle through which the Arab world has been negotiating dubai real estate | Dubai Property Jobs

  26. I like your post & I will always be coming frequently to read more of your post. Thank you very much for your post once more. Youngblood mineral

    Bioelements Skincare

  27. I appreciate your efforts on this area.ehr

    emr

  28. Nothing against the article, but I disagree with a couple of points to some extenct. I’m probably a minority though, lol. Thanks for sharing.

    Copenhagen hotels

  29. I am ashamed to admit it, but I am addicted to reality TV. But shh.. don’t tell anyone!

    lynnwood apartments

  30. thomasbanks says:

    Reality Television has been a program that sprung up in the early 90’s from western countries like America and UK. Within a short space of time the Arab world seem to have embraced similar concepts of the show. Now aired on channels all across the Arab world. cheapest van insurance Fastest way to lose belly fat

  31. Louis Vuitton, the world-renowned brands, but also for muxury a consideration. For these replica louis vuitton,replica Louis Vuitton Handbags absolute comw of NPK’s high quality and fashion design, but also added the popular bags for sale. There are also many copies of replica louis vuitton Handbag to sell in the market, so when you choose not to pay attention to your luggage. In addition, all of these Louis Vuitton Handbags,also used the same material,designed by replica louis vuitton of these condescending, and large bags. In short, all of these replica Louis Vuitton Handbags to provide you with the replica louis vuitton Handbag and so on. Speaking of Louis Vuitton Handbags,people know, talk, and only those women who use this wealth of high-priced bags. In the winter, it is said, the work of louis vuitton travel luggage and louis vuitton men bags in these cities on the market very well.

    CHEN

  32. Karisma sand says:

    I believe that the American economy is increasingly unable to maintain full employment due to technological increases in productivity, population growth, and globalization. Hence ever more frequent and severe bubbles as the whole system approaches collapse.

    mesothelioma | creare site | Auto insurance quotes online | Life insurance ratings | Insurance quotes

  33. ankurs127 says:

    I always thought it was somewhere one could be successful and I just can’t imagine having a better graduate experience living in Guelph than in Vancouver (pardon the western bias). buy twitter followers

  34. Hello to everyone who has blog.first I congratulate the blog owner.he is got excellent blog.That is really very good article. I am glad to know. Thanks for sharing !

    kizlarla chatcetavrupa chatchat odalari

    Mersin Chatsohbet odalari

  35. Very interesting topic. It makes sense that new media such as reality shows would take on different themes in different countries. In western cultures the focus is more on interpersonal drama, whereas in other countries people are more interested in other themes. It is inevitable for citizens to eventually rebel against harsh governments. It is a bit surprising that reality tv would play a part in the movement.

    airline credit cards

  36. Red Lasers are shaped like red laser pens, or red laser pointers are designed to be red laser lightportable and hand held. Red laser pointers were originally used to project a dot or point from the beam that can be used to point out itemsred Lasersor objects to an audience such as during a presentation. With theirred laser pointers increased proliferation and power, the application of red laser pointers has grown to encompass uses.

  37. AmiraDels says:

    I don’t want to say anything more about this man’s profile. He is just one perfect and ideal candicate for any IT major companies in this planet.

    Toronto Limousine

  38. The market data would be of great help to investors or businessmen planning to create new businesses in the area. Given the detailed information on the possible market, many industries would be able to refer to it as their source of market information from which they will have to analyze and think about the possibility or potential of the whole place.write my essay

  39. Thanks for sharing this useful information! Hope that you will continue with the kind of stuff you are doing.

    ________________________

    Emma637

    Marketing Assistant

    Evony Age 2 Guide

  40. have read a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style of blogging. I added it to my favorites blog site list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my site as well and let me know what you think.

    Potty Training

    Child Behavior Problems

    Potty Training Boys

    Potty Training Tips

    Potty Training Regression

  41. ankurs127 says:

    Wel geloof ik dat er een verschuiving zal plaatsvinden in de social mediawereld. Heel wat jongeren ruilen Netlog nu al in voor Facebook, omdat dat professioneler Cheap Barcelona hotels

  42. Even with my simple job house cleaning in San Diego I still have enough sense to understand how the ruling class of the USA might be headed for confrontation with the people.

  43. No i don’t think now iphone generation is sorry if you mind but this article is not bad good

    wholesale mortgage

  44. I am always waiting for Nota for the updates on this conference as well as the next schedule. I might attend the next conferencenew car deals

  45. ankurs127 says:

    Thank you for every one of your labor on this web site. My daughter really loves making time for investigations and it’s really obvious why.cash for property

  46. منتديات says:
  47. Shop and find the lowest prices on products from louis vuitton outlet. Price comparison shopping, product reviews, and armani watch – all the tools to help make wow gold simple

    welcome great web for shopping text to speech and rolex replica

  48. ankurs127 says:

    Its opportunity are so fantastic and working style so speedy. I think it may be help all of you. Thanks a lot for enjoying this beauty blog with me. I am appreciating it very much! Looking forward to another great blog. Old Charlie Sheen

  49. When you think of the reality tv in North America, it is tough to believe that it is something more meaningful in other countries. I guess they have limited ways to get political messages out to the public in other countries.

    cash back reward credit cards

  50. I think It makes sense that new media such as reality shows would take on different themes in different countries. In western cultures the focus is more on interpersonal drama, whereas in other countries people are more interested in other themes. premature ejaculation treatment

  51. grandchester says:

    There’s so many hidden reality in arab world. It’s unwise for us to judge those realities by using our point of view. Just let their culture improving. We shouldn’t intervene.

    online high school classes

    on line degrees

  52. Shopping is a rayban sunglasses procedure in which goods and services offered by discount mbt shoes the retailers are examined with the intent to buy or shop. An activity of mac eyeshadows purchasing some goods after proper selection is termed as shopping. Basically, it is considered as a leisure activity. In this recreational activity, one visits a range of cheap christian louboutin shoes stores while shopping in search of a desired or a suitable produce to buy. Whereas the activity in which shoppers engage themselves in browsing different products through glass and windows of various shops just for cheap gucci handbags entertainment and enjoyment is window shopping. In this activity, the shoppers only imagine to buy these items without purchasing them in reality, probably to pass their time.

  53. Deana Meske says:

    Very useful,thanks for sharing keep on going another one.You have gained a new reader.Thanks for the info! Very helpful for someone like me.

    Logo Design Brochure Design Website Design

  54. ankurs127 says:

    Many types of bank accounts can be virtual, including checking accounts, savings accounts, certificates of deposit, money market accounts, and so on. Users typically use the Internet to check their account balances, transfer funds, and perform other routine transactions. Some virtual bank accounts offer online bill payment services, which eliminate the need for writing and mailing physical checks when paying bills. some of banks are paypal, ebay and alertpay. Group Health Insurance

    San Diego Printing

    Carte Inde

  55. This is true globally, even if local manifestations of it are dissimilar. So John Stewart is political in the US context in different ways than Star Academy is in Saudi Arabia.internet dating

  56. Many types of bank accounts can be virtual, including checking accounts, savings accounts, certificates of deposit, money market accounts, and so on. Users typically use the Internet to check their account balances, transfer funds, and perform other routine transactions.

    comfortable shoes for women |

    kids birthday Parties |

    shoes for women

    birthday parties |

    women comfortable shoes |

    kids parties

  57. MidasIncome says:

    Great post. Definitely bookmarking! cheap running trainers is great too!

  58. THis is so great informations. I will come back

    If you have free time, please visit:

    Notebook News

    Laptop News

    HTC Android Smartphone

    Slim Digital Camera

    Android News

    Moto Droid

    Gadget and Tech news

  59. The particular design can be interesting, I may take part in discussion.

    Ostin, project management software, project management tools by OfficeAbility

  60. ankurs127 says:

    I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here keep up the good work.financing for military

  61. salmanchapa says:

    This is such a great resource that you are providing and it’s really easy for me to SEE what you were talking about.

    Shoe Metro

  62. So informative things are provided here, I really happy to read this post, I was just imagine about it and you provided me the correct information I really bookmark it, for further reading, So thanks for sharing the information.

    Insurance Reviews

  63. Algeria in English,

    Algerie en français,

    الجزائر بالعربية, 

    an Arabic country from northen Africa.

  64. valuable and excellent design, as share good stuff with good ideas and concepts, lots of great information and inspiration. Thanks for the great information. And thanks for sharing.tienda de informatica

  65. MidasIncome says:

    Thanks for sharing this with all of us! affiliate marketing tips is great too!

  66. Thanks for this excellent information. Hope to see more such in future.

    Indoor golf simulator

  67. Enrison Johnson says:

    Thanks for the good insight here, you have a good article here. aso support

    aso ankle

  68. So informative things are provided here, I really happy to read this post, I was just imagine about it and you provided me the correct information I really bookmark it, for further reading, So thanks for sharing the information.Pearly Penile Papules

  69. blogging says:
  70. As to the belief that entertainment and popular culture is apolitical, it seems to me it is a faith-based argument, whose proponents cling to in the face of overwhelming evidence presented by researchers in the humanities and social sciences. T

  71. Nice video, I like this interview very much.

    Thank you.

  72. cloudy1576 says:

    This article gives the light in which we can observe the reality. this is very nice one and gives indepth sex toys information. thanks for this nice article.

  73. Hotels in Innsbruck says:

    Thanks for taking time for sharing this article, it was excellent and very informative. It’s my first time that I visit here. I found a lot of informative stuff in your article. Keep it up. Thank you.

    Innsbruck Hotels

  74. MariaGere says:

    A good drama education and practicing website. We can share some common drama interests we have with the rest of members in this site and I think they will appreciate every contribution. SPSS Help

  75. I absolutely adore your site! You aggressive me as able-bodied as all the others actuality and your broiled PS is absolutely nice. Thank you for afflatus and accumulate up the acceptable work thanks! best poker sites

  76. kingston123 says:

    i always like to read some good and informative

    blogs and this blog is also so good and helpful.

    thanks for taking time to discus this topic..

    post ads

  77. ahh i can’t stop these ears ringing its soo annoying but whatever ig ues i’ll just have to live with it

  78. forevertruth1 says:

    Hope all are well!!! | Ver Videos de Fantasmas Reales, Videos de Fantasmas Reales | Videos de Fantasmas Reales | 2012 end of the world predictions | 2012 | Doomsday 2012 Doomsday | Doomsday | Ghosts, ghost videos | Ghost | Profecias Mayas, Profecia | profecias mayas | Cielo, tercer Cielo | Cielo | Demonios, Demonio | Demonios | Hell | Prophecy, 2012 Prophecy, Prophecies | Prophecy | Jezus Chrystus, Jezus, Chrystus | Jezus | Santos Catolicos, Santoral Catolico | Santos | Deus, Poderoso Deus | Deus | | St Francis | | Easter | | Regali di Natale | | Frohe Weihnachten | | baptism | | Seven Deadly Sins | | Pope | | Exorcism | | Faith | | Eucaristia | | Feliz Natal | | Feliz Navidad| | Angel | | Angeles | | Biblia | | Nibiru | | Papa | | Christmas Gifts | | Pecados Capitales | | Creation | | | Our Lady of Fatima, Our Lady of Guadalupe | Our Lady | Infierno, El Infierno | Sonidos del Infierno | Saint Mary, St Mary’s | St Mary | Jesus Cristo, Jesucristo | Jesus | Rosary, How to Pray the Rosary, rosaries | Rosary | Nuestra Señora del Carmen, Nuestra Señora del Rosario | Nuestra Señora de Fatima | Nossa Senhora Aparecida, Nossa Senhora de Fatima | Nossa Senhora | Heaven, In heaven | Heaven | objawienia fatimskie, objawienia maryjne w polsce | objawienia | Catholic Saints List, Roman Catholic saints names | Catholic| Chiesa Cattolica, Chiesa, Cattolica | Chiesa Cattolica | Priere, Prieres | Priere | La Santa Maria, Ave Maria | Ave Maria | Prayer, The Prayer, prayers | Prayer | Rosario, Santo Rosario, rosarios | Rosario | God, our God | God | Jesus Christ, Lord Jesus Christ | Jesus | Demons, Demon, Demonic | Demon | Amor De Dios, Gracias a Dios | Dieu | Oraciones Catolicas, Oracion, Catolica | Oraciones | San Franciso de Asis, San Francisco | San Francisco | Igreja Catolica, Igreja, Catolica | Igreja | Virgen de Guadalupe, Virgen Maria | La Virgen| | St Patrick’s Day | | Amor de Dios| | Señor, Milagros, Los Milagros | Milagros | Oração, Orações | Oração | | | Oração de São Francisco de Assis, São Francisco de Assis | São Francisco de Assis | |

  79. Transformative Works and Culture to put together a special issue dealing with our current research focus — how we can forge a bridge between participatory culture and civic engagement. Here are the particulars. I am hoping some of you out there are either doing work on this topic or have graduate students who are and might be look

    New York bankruptcy attorney

  80. Appreciate all the information here

    new car pictures free itunes gift cards

  81. hello there, i am not sure why you delete my post here. hmm, i am back here again to see what is your update…

    buy steroids buy steroids

    steroids steroids

    samsung r530 samsung r530

    custom vinyl stickers custom vinyl stickers

    jakarta wedding photography jakarta wedding photography

    Accident Lawyer Accident Lawyer

    miami criminal lawyer miami criminal lawyer

    Business Ideas 2011 Business Ideas 2011

  82. it’s me again, i just want to say thanks for your great article, it’s make me learn much here

    latest movies latest movies

    Car Insurance Reviews Car Insurance Reviews

    News Today News Today

    What Car Reviews What Car Reviews

    Lowongan Kerja Terbaru 2011 Lowongan Kerja Terbaru 2011

    Justin Bieber Fansite Justin Bieber Fansite

    Tips Kecantikan Tips Kecantikan

    Home Furniture Designs Home Furniture Designs

  83. it’s amazing what you have done here, lot of great article and it’s help many people

    joomla templates joomla templates

    Seo Services Seo Services

    Jasa Seo Jasa Seo

    Portable Diesel Generators Portable Diesel Generators

    Berita Artis Berita Artis

    Berita Terkini Berita Terkini

    Berita Berita

    Berita Terbaru Berita Terbaru

  84. hi there thanks for your post

    Cell Phone Reviews Cell Phone Reviews

    Cell Phone Reviews Cell Phone Reviews

    Cell Phone Reviews Cell Phone Reviews

    Harga Handphone Harga Handphone

  85. debbiewar says:

    The blog post was excellent and told me specifically what I desired to understand. I’ll definitely stop by once again. learn spanish fast

  86. akshay321 says:

    this is a mind blowing post, thanks for it sex toys usa

  87. free games says:
  88. joseph loganti says:

    I think you’ve made some truly interesting points. Not too many people would actually think about this the way you just did. I am really impressed that there is so much information about this subject that have been uncovered and you did it so well, with so much class. Thanks….

    phone spyware

  89. pieterjons says:

    Nice to hear that, Reality TV has become a worldwide phenomenon. Reality shows in the Arab World have just started to flourish, while in other countries in the world reality shows may have reached their peak.

    payday loan lenders | https://www.lightpaydayloan.com/

  90. ankurs127 says:

    It started to rain – the kind downpour that lasts a quarter of an hour with rainbow sky bonus – so we drove refugees Pick-Up, waiting for it to pass, hoping that it goes and to eat a pork sandwich Pulled false, the ultimate snack in Montreal cheapest insurance company

  91. Hotels in Paris says:

    Yeah, Television always speak every place or country location and view about that guide tips and other more informational knowledge.

    Thanks for this confessions of an Aca/Fan. Media also so involved in this topic. Great!

    Cordoba Hotels

  92. liana manzil says:

    I’m inspired, I must say. In point of fact hardly do I encounter a blog that’s both educative and unique, and allow me let you know, you’ve hit the nail at the head. Your idea is exceptional; the issue is one thing that not enough persons are talking intelligently about. I’m more than pleased that I stumbled throughout this in my seek for one thing with regards to this.

    clubmz espy

  93. i'm glad to find this site.abercrombie sweaters Thanks for sharing.bye.

  94. Reality television is a genre of television programming that presents purportedly unscripted dramatic or humorous situations, documents actual events, and usually features ordinary people instead of professional actors, sometimes in a contest or other situation where a prize is awarded Mobile Spy

  95. Kriishna Gc says:

    Apply today to get fast same day loans in uk

  96. fadak7abyby says:

    thank you a lot's

  97. fadak7abyby says:

    hi
    thank you a lot's

  98. fadak7abyby says:

    شات
    thank you a lot's

  99. fadak7abyby says:

    منتديات
    thank you a lot's

  100. My advice, Just dont watch reality television….Period.
    Direct payday lenders

  101. Thank you for breaking it down for the fox like me to understand it
    Tanzania news

  102. Very informative and helpful post. Thanks for sharing Calendar Printing

  103. This post is really amazing and it is full of information that every one need.

  104. Good work, a very deep article on what we see as just entertainment

  105. White [url=http://www.bespokekitchensbyde…][color=#FFFFFF]bespoke kitchens[/url]

  106. Thank you for breaking it down for the fox like me to understand it

  107. thank you a lot's

  108. thanks for posts..

  109. I've never understood why reality tv is as popular as it is.
    bed in a bag comforter sets

  110. Pleased to visit your site,just good job.Thanks for sharing the wonderful experience.i also like lv men handbags and some other LV shoulder bags.

  111. I am impressed of the write. Really appreciate your thoughts. Must say, keep it up.

    iPhone Spy App | iPhone Spyware

  112. I really like your blog…keep it going!Thanks a lot for all great posts!

  113. hamsters cages says:

    Many thanks for the exciting blog posting! I really enjoyed reading it, you are a brilliant writer. I actually added your blog to my favorites and will look forward for more updates. Great Job, Keep it up.. :)hamsters cages

  114. sigit maulana says:

    You have your point of view. Indeed! You have a Last Holiday. last minute deals holidays A very good

  115. Look what's happening now there — a completely new turn-around. trophy

  116. I'm sure that what reality television tells us about the Arabic world is totally distorted from reality. We are brought up to think that the middle east is just a place where terrorists live, however this is totally not the case. Media distorts reality in order to achieve the objective of some political people and companies, which have great interest to keep the large public unaware of how reality looks like. asigurari de viata

  117. Daniel Staiculescu says:

    I think the impact the reality tv shows have over the kids is far worser than in the movies, psychologically speaking, and makes them have a violent attitude and get inspired by those actions, sometimes leading to tragic events . RCA ieftin

  118. your write really put value to the subject. Thank you so very much for the contribution.

    iPhone Spy | Android Spy

  119. I really admire your ideas and way to put them together to make a wonderful blog Thanks for it. graduate school personal statement

  120. You should know what is reiki if you don't.
    Reiki is good for everyone!

  121. Hamster cages can be made from different types of material, such as metal, plastic, or glass. You cannot use wood or cardboard, however, because the hamster will chew right through those. Whichever material you choose, it is important that the cage be large enough for your hamster to have plenty of room to run around.

  122. That's a comprehensive information, it will be very helpful for me.. thanks.

    Coastal Web Innovations
    Atarim Design

  123. This is actually really interesting regarding your fact article here, This article is very informative. Seattle Wrapics CST Wood

  124. Thank for this excellent.Thank for the share, i have bookmarked this link, for future reference. Niffer Art Home KT VIP

  125. Hey, your post was really awesome! I actually learned a lot. Thanks and I will surely keep coming back for more here. Hungry Cube CHG Info

  126. meonglanang95 says:

    They want the cash they loaned you having interest. Preventing the [url=http://www.bejubel.com/257657/…]Jual Rumah Murah[/url] bank will only draw any foreclosed conclusion. Thanks for your publication.

  127. Well, I love this piece of writing. When I've read it I had a sense like after I purchased a vacation packages

  128. jimmychoo110 says:
  129. Glenn Ryall says:

    A really sincere and to the point article. Good Work
    Online Nutrition Schools

  130. jimmychoo110 says:
  131. Thank for this excellent.Thank for the share, i have bookmarked this link, for future reference

  132. Highly helpful thank you, There's no doubt that your followers would possibly want significantly better afrika mangosu written articles like that maintain the excellent work.tütüne son klavis panax nanomatik orjin krem

  133. This was a great article.Thank you for sharing jocuri friv

  134. I really like your blog…keep it going!Thanks a lot for all great posts!

  135. Thank for this excellent.

  136. Thanks and I will surely keep coming back for more here.

  137. Thanks

  138. Thank you for that

  139. i realy satishfied i likke it or enjoy it so much thankshttp://www.1chicagoremodeling.com“ rel=”nofollow”>Chicago tile

  140. Ashley Clarke says:

    Thanks to giving us a o regional source of information. Television told us about the economic, cultural,political and social change whole the world. i realy enjoy it and compare the eastern and western culture and politics.

  141. That is a hard truth that people spend more time watching these reality shows than doing anything else. The best part is all those reality shows are never the reality shows they are just planned well.

  142. Thanks for this. I am very interested to see what reality tv tells us about the arab world.

  143. Bnategy Com says:
  144. androir tracker says:

    Are you Looking for android tracker that can spy then visit us.android tracker
    .android spy software

  145. The infomration posted here got my attention. The picture of many basketball courts in an open space seems fun to watch. Continue posting !!
    Piya O Re Piya mp3Ek Deewana Tha songs

  146. Thanks for this. I am very interested to see what reality tv tells us about the arab world.

  147. Thanks for this. I am very interested to see what reality tv tells us about the arab world.

  148. world amazing diary says:

    Want to see world amazing diary here we can show you some top 10 amazing happenings in world.

    train. amazing top ten lists. top 10

  149. This is actually really interesting regarding your fact article here, This article is very informative

  150. nice post, thanks for sharing

  151. Reality television is a genre of television programming that presents purportedly unscripted dramatic or humorous situations, documents actual events, and usually features ordinary people instead of professional actors, sometimes in a contest or other situation where a prize is awarded

  152. I'm sure that what reality television tells us about the Arabic world is totally distorted from reality. We are brought up to think that the middle east is just a place where terrorists live, however this is totally not the case.

  153. Very interesting site.

    Wood Burning Stoves